IoT in Agriculture: 5 Use Cases for Smart Agriculture

The Industrial Internet of Things (IoT) has so far disrupted a wide range of businesses, and the agricultural sector is no exception. The Industrial Internet of Things (IoT) has brought many new changes in the agricultural sector which have greatly benefited the agricultural sector. Using the Internet of Things (IoT) in the agricultural sector has created new ways of production and has also increased productivity.

Smart wearables, networked devices, automated machines, and autonomous cars are all products of IoT technology. However, IoT has had the biggest impact on agriculture.

According to recent data, the planet will be inhabited by 9.6 billion people by the year 2050. Due to this food problems will arise in the world. At that time, the agriculture sector will be forced to use the Internet of Things to feed this large population. IoT has the potential to address issues such as climate change, extreme weather, and environmental damage. Thus IoT is helping us meet the demand for more food.

The late 20th century saw the development of mechanized agricultural operations such as tractors and harvesters around the world. And because of the ever-increasing demand for food, the agriculture industry depends heavily on fresh ideas.

Thanks to industrial IoT, agricultural production has increased at a lower cost. IoT-enabled smart solutions will become more popular in agriculture operations over the coming years. In fact, according to some recent reports, thanks to IoT in the agriculture sector, by 2024, there will be 225 million connected agricultural devices, up from 13 million in 2014.

How has IoT Played its Role in Agriculture?

Since sensors were first used in agricultural activities, a long time has passed. However, the problem with the old strategy was that we were unable to get real-time data from the sensors. Sensors were used to store data in their integrated memory, allowing us to retrieve it later.

As a result of the introduction of Industrial IoT, more sophisticated sensors are being used in agriculture. Through cellular or satellite networks, sensors are currently connected to the cloud. This enables us to access sensor data in real-time and make decisions effectively.

Due to real-time monitoring of water tank levels by IoT applications in the agricultural sector, irrigation systems are now more efficient. The use of sensors at every stage of the agricultural process, such as how much time and resources it takes to grow a seed into a fully grown crop, has been made possible by the advancement of IoT technology in agricultural operations.

An extension of the green revolution is the Internet of Things in agriculture. The adoption of IoT offers two benefits to farmers. Enhancing farmer decision-making with accurate data has helped farmers reduce their costs and simultaneously increase production.

Application of IoT in Agriculture

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IoT Technology Smart Farming is a high-tech and successful method of farming and food production based on sustainable practices. It is an application to integrate the latest technologies and connected devices in agriculture. IoT is a key component of smart farming, which eliminates the need for farmers and producers to do physical labor. IoT technology simultaneously increases productivity in every way.

The Internet of Things has provided immense benefits in light of the dependence of modern agricultural trends on agriculture, including efficient use of water, optimization of inputs, and many other facilities. These are the main benefits that have recently brought about a major change in the agriculture sector.

By continuously monitoring the field, IoT-based smart farming improves the overall agricultural system. The Internet of Things in agriculture has reduced the lavish use of resources like water and electricity and saved farmers time by using sensors and connections. It provides a crystal clear real-time observation by controlling multiple parameters like humidity, temperature, soil, etc.

Benefits of Adoption of Internet of Things in Agriculture

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Agricultural drones have almost completely changed agricultural operations as a result of technological improvements. Drones are used for field analysis, crop monitoring, crop spraying, crop health assessment, and planting.

Drone technology has completely transformed the agriculture sector by giving it a high rise and transformation with proper strategy and planning based on real-time data. Drones equipped with thermal or multispectral sensors can detect locations that require irrigation adjustments.

Sensors determine the vegetation index when crops start to grow and show their health status. Finally, the environmental impact is reduced by intelligent drones. As a result, there has been a significant reduction in the number of chemicals entering the groundwater.

Healthy Farming:

One of the most popular uses of IoT in agriculture is precision farming or precision agriculture. Using smart farming applications, including animal monitoring, vehicle tracking, field observation, and inventory monitoring, improves the accuracy and control of the farming process.

The goal of precision farming is to evaluate the data generated by the sensors and respond appropriately. Using sensors, precision farming enables farmers to collect data, analyze it and make quick, informed decisions. A number of precision agricultural practices, including livestock management, vehicle monitoring, and irrigation management, all contribute to increasing productivity and efficiency.

You can analyze soil conditions and other relevant parameters using precision farming to improve operational effectiveness. Not only this, but you can also check the current operational status of connected devices to check water and nutrient levels.

Smart Greenhouse:

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IoT has made it possible for weather stations to automatically change environmental conditions according to a specific set of instructions, making our greenhouses smarter. The use of IoT in greenhouses has eliminated the need for human interaction, which reduces costs and increases accuracy throughout the process.

For example, building innovative and affordable greenhouses using solar-powered IoT sensors. These sensors collect and transmit real-time data that is used to accurately track the condition of the greenhouse in real-time.

Sensors allow monitoring of greenhouse conditions and water usage via emails or SMS warnings. IoT is used for automated and intelligent irrigation. Information about pressure, humidity, temperature, and light levels is provided by these sensors.

Data Analytics:

Traditional database systems do not have enough space to store the information collected by IoT devices. An end-to-end IoT platform and cloud-based data storage are key components of a smart agriculture system.

This procedure is considered important in the process of better performance of tasks. In the IoT world, sensors are the main means of collecting large-scale data. Using analytics technologies, data is analyzed and transformed into useful information. Analysis of weather, livestock, and agricultural conditions has been made easier with the help of data analytics.

Better decisions can be made by utilizing the collected data and technological advances. You can use IoT devices to collect data from sensors to get information about the condition of crops in real-time. You can get better information to improve your cropping decisions by using predictive analytics.

Trend analysis helps farmers to predict the upcoming season and harvest. In the agricultural sector, IoT has helped farmers maintain soil fertility and the quality of their crops, improving the quantity and quality of their produce.

Weather Conditions:

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Climate is a very important factor in the farming process. Furthermore, poor weather information can adversely affect both the quantity and quality of crop production. However, IoT technologies keep you informed about the current weather conditions. In order to avoid immediate damage due to adverse weather conditions.

Agricultural fields have sensors installed both inside and outside them. They gather environmental information that is used to select the best crops for specific climatic conditions. The entire IoT ecosystem is made up of sensors that can accurately detect real-time weather conditions such as humidity, rainfall, temperature, and much more.

A variety of sensors are available to detect each of these factors and can be configured to meet your needs for smart farming. These sensors monitor the health of the crops and the surrounding weather. An alarm is sent if any disturbing weather is detected.

The need for human presence is eliminated during adverse weather conditions, which ultimately increases productivity and enables farmers to reap greater agricultural benefits.

Conclusion

IoT-enabled agriculture has helped adopt cutting-edge technological solutions to age-old problems. It has made it easy to combine production, quality, and output. Faster action and reduced crop damage are guaranteed by data acquired from multiple sensors for real-time use or information acquisition and import for storage in a database.

Produce is processed faster and reaches supermarkets in less time thanks to seamless end-to-end intelligent operations and better business process execution.

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