Artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics are two fields that are developing rapidly and have unlimited potential for the future of humanity. Building robots that can perform simple to complex tasks with amazing speed and accuracy. This is possible thanks to advances in robotics and AI, as needed in our daily lives.
Although robotics and AI have long been studied, in the past 20 years, research and application have progressed. We no longer need to worry that these machines will replace humans in the workforce.
Instead, robots and AI work together with humans to get things done more efficiently and accurately than we can do alone. Thanks to Google Assistant and many services like it, we mainly interact with robots and AI in our daily lives. Because of advances in AI, we can now build computer systems that are capable of solving problems that grow and change over time.
Role of Robotics in the Future
According to the Robotics Innovation Map, startups and scale-ups are developing autonomous mobile robots for efficient material movement. Cobots are deployed on the factory floor to speed up production. AGVs automatic guided vehicles also move finished goods from production lines to storage facilities.
To improve robot performance, the robotics industry also uses technologies such as IoT, cloud computing, and artificial intelligence (AI). Due to growing concerns about cyber attacks, robotic cybersecurity solutions are also required.
In addition, humanoid and assistive robots reduce physical dependence on people, while robotics as a service (RaaS) enables businesses to rapidly integrate robotics. By 2030, robots will be exploring new worlds and treating people in half the world.
One technological field that is developing rapidly is robotics, which is changing the way humans travel, work and explore in the future. The situation is getting worse thanks to developments in IoT, AI, and other related peripheral areas. Everyone’s daily life will be greatly influenced by many exciting robotics developments.
Understanding the Concept of Robotics
Robotics is the study of how robots are built, what they are used for, and how they are used. This multidisciplinary field combines computer science, engineering, and technology. Robotics specialists focus on building, using, and applying robots in various contexts.
The field of robotics has generally focused on creating devices that can operate in dangerous situations where people are unable to perform simple or routine tasks at scale.
However, current advances in machine learning and artificial intelligence suggest that human-robot interactions may intensify in the future.
In the coming years, it is expected that the robot industry will expand dramatically. According to estimates, by 2030, the popularity of this sector may increase significantly. Professional service robots, which perform beneficial tasks for people such as cleaning, distribution, and transportation, will account for a large portion of this increase.
Future Robotics Inventions and Trends
Following are the recent developments and trends in the robotics industry to 2023 and beyond:
Intelligent Mobile Robots:
Manufacturing employees often come into contact with toxic chemicals, heavy equipment, and confined spaces. To combat this, startups and scale-ups are automating a number of industrial processes using AMRs (Autonomous Mobile Robots).
They use artificial intelligence, sensors, and computer vision to understand their immediate environment and act on their own. For example, warehouse AMRs deploy scanners to automate material handling and check stock levels. By doing this, the inventory does not run out.
AMRs move subassemblies and parts within plants over long distances to speed up processes and free workers from transporting heavy trolleys. They also disinfect hospital and retail floors through autonomous disinfection.
AMRs are used in the hospitality industry for housekeeping duties as well as for the delivery of food and other goods to hotels and restaurants. Last Mile Delivery (LMD) robots are being used for fast, contactless delivery.
Robotics that is Smart and Flexible:
Robots can use real-time data to optimize jobs because AI technology is embedded in robotics. Startups use various techniques like reinforcement learning, dynamics modeling, machine learning, and computer vision for this.
Large datasets and real-time data are also used to teach robots to be more accurate and efficient. As a result, they have improved sensory perception and can recognize objects more quickly, allowing them to travel on their own.
Robots using artificial intelligence (AI) are used to automate repetitive tasks including 3D printing, picking and placing parts, and quality testing. Natural language processing (NLP) is another technique that robots use to enhance customer service in hospitality and retail environments.
Unlike traditional industrial robots, cobots, or collaborative robots, have sophisticated sensors and algorithms that ensure safe behavior around people. These robots lift materials that are dangerous to human workers, such as heavy metals, polymers, and other materials. They are mostly used in end-of-arm tooling, used to automate assembly activities such as part welding and screw drilling (EOAT).
Cobots also support workers by complementing existing production lines, requiring minimal production time during integration.
It accelerates its industrial deployment to improve worker safety and productivity. Advances in 5G and high-performance computing (HPC) will also enhance collaboration between humanoid robots.
Services for Robotics (RaaS):
Building a robot and maintaining it afterward is expensive and time-consuming. As a result of these restrictions, many organizations, especially small businesses, are unable to use robotics in their operations.
However, RaaS (Robots as a Service) offers a subscription-based business model based on robotics. Businesses can quickly scale their operations by using robots on demand in response to changing market conditions.
Cloud-based robotics, which optimizes performance based on real-time data, also enables service providers to quickly modify existing configurations.
Robotic Internet of Things (IoT):
Robotics focuses on production, interaction, and autonomous behavior, offering Internet of Things (IoT) sensing, tracking, and monitoring capabilities. The performance of connected robots is driven by edge computing systems, which enable feedback-driven workflows by collecting and sending data.
Thanks to advances in edge IoT, robot builders can now move computers closer to data sources.
Robotic systems can use data to increase work efficiency in a way that is nearly real-time. Additionally, M2M (Machine-to-Machine) and M2H (Machine-to-Human) communication between machines and people encourage better human-robot collaboration.
Automated Guided Vehicles:
AGVs, often called Self-Guided Vehicles, are commonly used in distribution centers, warehouses, and manufacturing facilities to move materials. Software-based and sensor-based navigation systems are used to manage the movement of objects that follow a specific course.
Pallets are moved autonomously by forklift AGVs, while a variety of light to heavy items are moved by automated guided carts (AGCs).
These robots reduce labor costs and overhead. Additionally, operators can precisely accelerate and decelerate AGVs using computer software, which reduces accidents and improves worker safety. AGVs also have automatic bumpers that can detect obstacles.
Due to the growing demand for Internet of Things integration and connectivity, robotics is a major target for cyber attacks. The use of robotics in the manufacturing, healthcare, space, and defense sectors makes it essential to protect robotic solutions from unauthorized access.
To prevent data breaches and asset outages, robotic cybersecurity solutions secure endpoints and connection stacks. Startups do this by continuously monitoring networks and devices using machine learning or AI.
These technologies help businesses prevent downtime and financial loss by enabling them to quickly discover security threats and monitor device behavior in real-time.
Startups specializing in creating humanoids have a variety of applications in the healthcare, entertainment, education, and hospitality sectors. In the post-pandemic environment, humanoid robots are being used for contactless cleaning and hospital deliveries.
Additionally, they protect human personnel from hazards while performing maintenance, disaster recovery, and inspections at power plants.
They also act as hostesses, greet guests at the front desk, and visit the sick and elderly. Like traditional robots, they automate jobs to reduce costs and increase productivity.
People of all abilities benefit from the increased independence and quality of life that comes with using assistive robots. They use complex algorithms and sensors to interact, act and sense humans.
Startups develop robots with enhanced cognitive decision-making capabilities to help the elderly, disabled, or ill perform their activities of daily living (ADLs). Now they can live safely and alone in their homes.
Additionally, robotic assistive technologies are tools for patient rehabilitation. By using this robotic equipment, disabled people can relearn their sharp skills. They also encourage ergonomic support, which helps industrial workers avoid fatigue or repetitive stress injuries.
Undoubtedly, robotics and AI have the power to transform society and give us more confidence and hope as we navigate a rapidly evolving future. These new technologies are undoubtedly here to stay and will continue to play an important role in our lives, whether we accept them or reject them.