The terms logic boards, baseboards, system boards, mainboards, main circuit boards, planar boards, and mobo are also used to refer to the motherboards. It is a non-conductive plastic sheet with the circuitry required for connecting components and placeholders like sockets and slots to enable logistics for all the components to operate together.
A circuit-like structure made of extremely thin, narrow layers of aluminum or copper printed on the board’s plastic sheet connects multiple components. It is a chassis in which every component is installed in its proper location, powered, and properly interfaced with one another.
The motherboard is all-inclusive and has connections for any type of component to be connected to meet application requirements. In contrast to the backplane, which can connect to several extension boards to hold more components, the motherboard is self-sufficient to meet all requirements and is a single board to manage all functions.
The motherboard is known as the “mother” because it assumes a leadership role in managing all the components attached to it.
Types of Motherboards
Desktop, laptop, tablet, and smartphone motherboards all have the same parts and functionality. The size of the components and how they are arranged on the board, however, differ depending on the amount of available space.
In desktop computers, the majority of the components are installed in the board’s sockets, making it simple to replace each one independently. In contrast, some components in laptops and smartphones are soldered to the board, making it challenging to replace or upgrade them.
Although different motherboards have a range of capabilities, restrictions, features, and physical sizes and shapes (or “form factors”), these characteristics are mostly used to identify, group, and categorize them. To accommodate the design of computers, each manufacturer has introduced its form factor.
The six various Motherboard kinds are listed below:
These motherboards are not appropriate for the mini desktop category of PCs since they have larger physical dimensions that range by hundreds of millimeters. An additional barrier to installing new drivers is the larger physical size.
In these motherboards, the power connectors come in the form of sockets and six-pin plugs. Users have trouble connecting to and using these power connectors since they are difficult to identify.
In addition to your motherboard, certain ATX cases can fit two or three additional internal drives. They, therefore, perform well in mid-range designs where storage space is less important than expansion opportunities.
Instead, if you want to put together a high-end, speed-optimized system, think about Micro-ATX computer enclosures. These usually provide more space without significantly compromising performance.
The differences between these different motherboards will affect the types of hardware you can install inside of them depending on the software or hardware you intend to run.
ATX indicates that it was an upgraded version of the previous AT motherboard that was made in the 1990s using advanced technologies. When compared to AT, it is smaller in size and offers interchangeability for attached components. Significant improvements have been seen in connector-related aspects.
There were two upgrades from the previous boards. The first is the relocation of the input and output ports to the back, and the second is the addition of the Riser card to allow for more slots and simpler connections.
The AT motherboard used a few of these features. The biggest drawback of this board is the direct connection to PCI caused by the absence of Accelerated Graphic Port (AGP) slots.
Low Profile Extended ATX, a scaled-down variant of ATX, is designed to be used in smaller cases. These boards are a great choice if your computer is small, even if they aren’t particularly common.
Even though they are no longer as important as they were in 2007, when Windows XP was still a new operating system, S-Video connectors are still present on some motherboards today.
LPX isn’t commonly used because there are so many alternative options. If you plan to utilize the board in a case with more than one expansion slot, another form factor could be preferred.
Balanced Technology Extended (BTX) is designed to manage the demands of emerging technologies in terms of higher power requirements and consequently higher heat generation.
A BTX motherboard is a type of motherboard that dates back to 2005. They are infrequently offered but rarely used because they cannot be used with standard ATX boards. BTX motherboards have special form factors, sockets, ports, and cooling techniques.
Even if you don’t need these features right away, having more alternatives for video cards in the future may pay off in upgrades.
As an example, consider the scenario where you have chosen the best motherboard for your needs today, but the manufacturer releases a new generation of video cards the following year that is more suited to your needs.
If your old motherboard only had two slots, there would be no other option than to purchase an entirely new motherboard to use the new card.
Pico BTX Motherboards:
The word “Pico” refers to the tiny size of these boards. The upper half of BTX is shared by two expansion slots, however, they are still supported. It satisfies the requirements of digital applications and has distinctive features such as half-height or riser cards.
A pico BTX motherboard, which uses a mini-ITX or pico-ITX form size, is a great option when space is at a premium.
Additionally, you get more for your money because it is less expensive than many other conventional ATX boards.
Pico BTX enclosures, which are also compact, would be your best option if you want to put together a desktop Mac computer known as a Hackintosh.
Additionally, although they often don’t have as many expansion slots as a larger board, some include integrated Wi-Fi and Bluetooth so you can use wireless peripherals without wires.
Mini ITX Motherboards:
Compared to previous generations, this is a smaller version of the motherboard. It measures 17 by 17 cm and was made in the early 2000s. Most small form factor (SFF) computers are used because of their fast cooling capacity and low power consumption.
Due to its low level of fan noise, which will increase the capacity of the theater system, this motherboard is the most popular in the home theater industry.
Media centers or small form factor cases are excellent uses for mini ITX motherboards. Small ITX motherboards cannot be overclocked due to size limitations, yet they have every feature a home computer could need.
The only problem is that since Mini ITX chassis are small, it can be difficult to add aftermarket Central Processing Unit cooling or power supplies.
However, if the size is your main concern, these boards will be helpful in many situations. Mini ITX boxes offer more expansion slots than their larger counterparts. These boards are perfect for those with limited space who want the most adjustability.
The terms logic board, baseboard, system board, mainboard, main circuit board, planar board, and mobo are also used to refer to the motherboard. The motherboard is all-inclusive and has connections for any type of component to be connected to meet application requirements. In addition to your motherboard, certain ATX cases can fit two or three additional internal drives.
ATX indicates that it was an upgraded version of the previous AT motherboard that was made in the 1990s using advanced technologies. As an example, consider the scenario where you have chosen the best motherboard for your needs today, but the manufacturer releases a new generation of video cards the following year that is more suited to your needs.
If your old motherboard only had two slots, there would be no other option than to purchase an entirely new motherboard to use the new card. In the days to come, the type and size of motherboards will continue to evolve.